Science Experiment Procedure Example
Try to repeat the science project experiment using personal items like mobile phones, wallets, watches, etc. Take a look through these sections for helpful information. The experiments in 100 Simple Science Experiments with Paper are fun, easy , and safe to do, and can be performed using materials and equipment commonly found around the house. Safety precautions in repeating this experiment include hooded ventilation, chemical-splash safety goggles, gloves, and apron. Unleash your inner mad scientist. Use the tape to secure it further. When you want to take things a step further and develop an idea into a full science fair project there are a number of things to keep in mind that will help ensure your project follows a process called the Scientific Method. It's a Solid. This process is called Osmosis. (Record the voltage in a table every time it is measured. Cars need fuel to power their engines. Lab Report Terms and a Sample Lab Report. (return to sample 2). Feynman is saying that Young figured out all the things you need to control to have a good rat-maze experiment. Protocols are written—or in some cases electronically recorded—whenever it is desirable to standardize a laboratory method to ensure successful replication of results by others in the same laboratory or by other laboratories. Science Fair Projects; Special Events; States of Matter; Summer Camp; Table Tricks; Weather; Join the Club; Top Holiday Gift Ideas; Menu; Categories ». At the close of the experiment (either a couple of days, it depends upon how vibrant you need your flowers to be) gather. The Number One Question You Must Ask for Product Science. Procedure: Write a paragraph or a list which explains what you did in the lab. This is a typical chemical reaction in which an acid - vinegar, reacts with a base - baking soda, to produce a new chemical - a salt. Elementary Projects (Grades 4 - 6) Included are sample topics for making models or conducting demonstrations. Hypothesis statement--a prediction that can be tested or an educated guess. R25RR023288 from the National Center for Research Resources. Make sure that you do the same things to all groups of objects being tested. Not all science experiments require a control, but many do. The 15% change in length is the amount of “ductility”. Rubric for Conducting an Experiment in the Lab (From Stevens, D. Discussion What does it mean? This section explains your results. Science Fair Websites 1. We are all reviewing the scientific method and working hard to inspire our students to not only do science, but think like scientists. This is accepted in some disciplines, but not others. In natural and social science research, a protocol is most commonly a predefined procedural method in the design and implementation of an experiment. Experiments vary greatly in goal and scale, but always rely on repeatable procedure and logical analysis of the results. Ideas for High School Science Fair Projects Life Science. 0 ° C and 100. For each objective you must design and carry out experiments to answer the objective question(s). Cars are great subjects for science experiments because they are built to move. Scientific American is the essential guide to the most awe-inspiring advances in science and technology, explaining how they change our understanding of the world and shape our lives. Air Pressure and Vacuums Experiment Egg in a Bottle. Purified and non-purified samples were analyzed only by Q-ICPMS. Controlled experiments are used in science all of the time. Example: a ruler with marks 1 millimeter apart has a least count of 1 millimeter The least count of an instrument is the size of the smallest scale division on the instrument. This process is called Osmosis. We shared ideas of seed science experiments for kids a while ago. The engine turns the gasoline into mechanical energy that moves the gears. presenting the objective(s) for the experimental procedure (what is being done in the experiment, such as to measure something, to test something, to determine something, etc. Teaching The Science Process Skills What Are the Science Process Skills? S cience and teaching students about science means more than scientiﬁc knowledge. September 5, 2014. Procedures should be written as a step-by-step list, not in paragraph form. This report should NOT be your experiment plan/procedure; it should discuss information related to the topic you are studying. For example, with the seed experiment, the variable is the temperature at which the seeds are kept before you plant them. It's like telling someone how to find your house. And unlike your professor’s office we don’t have limited hours, so you can get your science questions answered 24/7. Free Sample Projects. What is “Good Science”? Disclaimer: This is a gross generalization of what science is about; science is actually much more complex than how it is described here, but this will give you a basic background if you need it. Give examples of limitations in an experiment? Answer. There are two main types of scientific experiments commonly used in science fair projects: The Controlled Experiment. Chemistry Project and Experiment Ideas. You don’t have to do the 2nd one, but it’s also a good scientific experiment and you’ll even find out why the Statue of Liberty is the color that it is. All Research Plans Must Include. Have the groups edit their procedure on their worksheet. We are born knowing how to perform some behaviors, such as breathing, sneez-ing, and coughing. Use the File - Save As function to save a new document with your changes. Illinois State University. Writing a procedure that is accurate, brief, and readable isn't always easy. about your Science Fair Project topic. Gas preparation and collection methods revision notes. Find easy science experiments now with easy to follow step by step instructions. In the example below, the first person is used e. PHASE I : THE PROPOSAL (20 points) The proposal is a detailed written plan of how the project will be done. Here is a simple to test for yourself in order to figure out if you have a good procedure for your science fair experiment: could you give all of your notes about how to do the experiment to a friend and expect them to be able to duplicate your test results without talking to you about it?. The five-second rule has been tested in several scientific papers. Dry ice can be a fun substance to use in experiments. We are all reviewing the scientific method and working hard to inspire our students to not only do science, but think like scientists. The body of the section should mention the materials and equipment used during the experiment so that it is not necessary to list them in order to know what was used for the procedure. Below, you will find a list of fun and exciting experiments that use plastic bottles and bottle caps. If your experiment includes a hypothesis, you would state it in the introduction. Guinness World Records Superlative Science (Grades 2-5) Many Activities Using the Guinness World Records Teacher Guide. Example of a data table: A data table is a chart that organizes information into columns and rows. Any time you have conducted a science experiment, you should write a lab report detailing why the experiment was performed, the results you expected, the process you used, the actual results, and a. 6 blueprints for more effective presentations. Scientific Projects. But you don't need a lot of money or a laboratory to test this yourself. This is a much better representation of what occurs during the process of science. Experimental Procedure Through clear and precise paragraph structure, your writer will describe the experiment’s procedure, explaining all the steps in chronological order. These should be level 3 projects. We are born knowing how to perform some behaviors, such as breathing, sneez-ing, and coughing. But you don't need a lot of money or a laboratory to test this yourself. I observed several things during the experiment. What is the percentage of water in various fruits and vegetables? Does music affect plant growth? Compare types of artificial light on plant growth. The procedure – a specific description of what you will do and how you plan to do it. Members receive unlimited access to 49,000+ cross-curricular educational resources, including interactive activities, clipart, and abctools custom worksheet generators. Exercise 1: Transformation Procedure; Closer Look: Step 1; Closer Look: Step 2; Closer Look: Step 3; Closer Look: Step 4; Closer Look: Step 6; Exercise 2: Transformation Procedure Animation; Exercise 3: Place the Stages of Transformation in Order; Analysis of Results I. By standardising experimental procedures the results are more likely to be reliable and have a high internal validity. Stage 1: First, prepare all your cups and line them up. The result of my experiment showed me that motor oil was the fastest for the bubbles to get to the top. A chemical reaction is the combination of two reactants to form an entirely new product. In most cases, it is simplest to copy the experiment into a word processing program, and then print it out. Now that you know your independent and dependent variable, the rest of the science fair project is a piece of cake. When the sample fractures or breaks the load is released. Example: Pond water, strainers, microscopes, field guides, petri dishes *Write a paragraph (complete sentences) which explains what you did in the lab as a short summary. Clamp the large clamp to the end of the table so that the Give examples. Every science fair requires students to follow a set of rules. Track the growth of the mold by checking the sample every day. Science Experiments for Class 7 Science Experiments are methodical procedures that is conducted to counter, support and justify hypothesis. Elementary Science Experiment Earthquake Waves. A good procedure is so detailed and complete that it lets someone else duplicate your experiment exactly! Repeating a science experiment is an important step to verify that your results are consistent and not just an accident. This is an experiment where the researcher manipulates one variable, and control/randomizes the rest of the variables. Next put about 400cc of the prepared antifreeze/water mixture (50% ethylene glycol) into the electrochemical cell and repeat the experiment for the remaining samples. ELA-Literacy. For example, carrying out an exercise to measure the density of a piece of metal. Lipper, Aurora "Science Fair Projects - Complete Guide to a Winning Science Project Step 4 - Sample Project. Similar to Guided Inquiry, students formulate their own problem to solve as well as the procedure. The science project experiment can be repeated to test for bacteria at locations like restaurants, schools and other public areas to compare the results. The Science Framework for California Public Schools, Kindergarten Through Grade Twelve, states, "Hands-on activities may compose up to a maximum of 20 to 25 percent of the science instructional time in kindergarten through grade eight. Whether you are looking for an easy elementary or middle school science project, or a high school science fair project, kids can learn the simple, hands-on way with Science Made Simple. A well-designed science experiment has well-defined controls and variables. Supported by a Science Education Partnership Award (SEPA) Grant No. Olive oil was in the middle. They are recently starting to become popular in the context of. The NC3Rs is the UK’s national organisation for the 3Rs. SCIENCE FAIR FUN 10 SCIENCE FAIR FUN sample projeCTs These sample projects focus on the 3Rs of waste management: reduce, reuse, and recycle. Rubric for Conducting an Experiment in the Lab (From Stevens, D. Example: From this experiment I have learned that to grow lima beans I need to give my plant direct sunlight. Kids are born researchers. Scientific research is an ongoing process, and by discovering that your hypothesis is not true, you have already made huge advances in your learning that will lead you to ask more questions that lead to new experiments. Examples of non-parametric tests are: Wilcoxon signed rank test Whitney-Mann-Wilcoxon (WMW) test Kruskal-Wallis (KW) test Friedman's test Handling of rank-ordered data is considered a strength of non-parametric tests. Simple science experiments you can do at home with your kids are a fun way to introduce children of all ages to basic scientific concepts. This elementary science experiment creates a wave box that demonstrates how earthquake waves can travel through a variety of materials as they travel away from the focus of an earthquake where the rocks first rupture. Safety precautions in repeating this experiment include using safety goggles or safety spectacles and avoiding short circuits. All Questioned Documents services have been suspended as of January 1, 2017. Each group should send someone to get the materials they need to set up their experiment. For some experiments, you may need a calculator. The step number from the instructions could also be listed Clear statement of purpose Experiment number and title clearly stated Date at top outer corner. When you have designed your experiment, write your materials and procedures in your logbook. This elementary science experiment creates a wave box that demonstrates how earthquake waves can travel through a variety of materials as they travel away from the focus of an earthquake where the rocks first rupture. You can create your own control sample by following a few simple steps. That's why I love vinegar experiments. A few of the most common are described below. I prepared this purely to give students an example of how a simple biology investigation could be written up. Exercise 1: Transformation Procedure; Closer Look: Step 1; Closer Look: Step 2; Closer Look: Step 3; Closer Look: Step 4; Closer Look: Step 6; Exercise 2: Transformation Procedure Animation; Exercise 3: Place the Stages of Transformation in Order; Analysis of Results I. The step number from the instructions could also be listed Clear statement of purpose Experiment number and title clearly stated Date at top outer corner. Use the File – Save As function to save a new document with your changes. This doesn't necessarily reflect the order in. Following this, we will measure the normal melting and boiling points of an unknown compound. Laptops are also available for further research. Science fair judges do not care about whether you prove or disprove your hypothesis; they care how much you learned. 8 kg) is only about one tenth of the load required to get immediate plastic deformation. The key to a good and manageable investigation is to choose a topic of interest, then ask what is called a “testable question. Explore ideas for your next experiment and discover fun chemistry tutorials. We have a guide that walks you through the process along with countless tips and ideas to get you started. It is published four times per year. 8 kg) is only about one tenth of the load required to get immediate plastic deformation. Now we've covered what is a control in a science experiment, it's time to see how it works in practice. Investigators later reported a 60-percent drop in heart attacks for the study area during the time the ban was in effect. In our example, the control group of plants would be grown under the same conditions as the test plants except that no fertilizer would be added. I’ll give you a personal example. each, (found at most science supply companies and electronic stores) • several sheets of colored transparency film in various colors, including yellow and blue (office supply stores) Small pieces should be cut beforehand just to cover the PV cells. The first is to compare possible fuel sources for the amount of energy they give off in the form of heat energy. For each objective you must design and carry out experiments to answer the objective question(s). Free Printable for Science Procedure Writing It's that time of year again. Also make sure that all the seeds get the same amount of light and water after you plant them. By Cheryl Randall. How to Write up a Science Experiment. See how Rudy Sullivan deals with the Energy Crisis. The purpose for encouraging students to complete long term projects such as the science fair project is to give students the opportunity to research problems or explore a topic in a systematic scientific way. Factors that can affect the outcome of the experiment, called variables, must be identified and controlled as part of the procedure. Write today's date on the tape with the marker. 6) Have students identify the materials needed to run the experiment and then write a clear, step-by-step-procedure. Relate your findings to the general body of knowledge that you provided in the introduction. For example, an example of a good scientific question about salmon might be: "What is causing the forest bordering the streams to be unhealthy and no longer support salmon runs?" Q's 9-14: Use the Guidelines above to tell which of each pair of questions below is a better scientific question and then clearly explain why you think this is so. A standard format is used for these articles, in which the author presents the research in an orderly, logical manner. The procedure – a specific description of what you will do and how you plan to do it. Module 6 Sample Lesson Plans in Science 2 lessons. (noun) An example of an experiment is when scientists give rats a new medicine and see how they react to learn about the medicine. Describe what happens when the vinegar was poured into the cup of baking soda. Include the. We observe and record as objectively as possible, avoiding personal bias by removing ourselves. “I” have never been a “racer” (except while I was still a teen ager) but I listened to many of my friends who got speeding tickets. The assessment should include sample handling, storage, disposal of chemicals, spill procedures and use of machinery. Continue reading "Problem" You can give a real share of stock in America's favorite companies and have the actual stock certificate framed with an engraved custom message to anyone in less than three minutes!. Your procedure should be written so than anyone else could repeat the experiment. This book is easy enough for children to do, but can be enjoyed by other people as well. Fill the 50-mL flask to the 20-mL mark, the 250-mL flask to the 100-mL mark, and the 500-mL flask to the 200-mL mark. The third fig plant, Plant C, would get watered only once each week. experiment definition: The definition of an experiment is a test or the act of trying out a new course of action. Use the tape to secure it further. Sample Lab Report #2 in the Writing Guidelines for Engineering and Science Students: guidelines to help students of science and engineering make their writing more efficient for others to read and to make the process of writing more efficient for them to perform. But it doesn’t have to be that way. The Mentos Geyser Science Project is an excellent example of a science fair project because it clearly shows how to isolate a variable (the thing that changes in the experiment) and standardize all other conditions so that you can see the true effect of the variable on the geyser reaction. As far as a lab report goes, a simple yet full list of methods and equipment used during the experiment will suffice. ) Run a bioassay to test for toxicity in water or soil. Experiment 2: Collected bacteria samples Discussion. (Definition taken from Valerie J. Seuss Science Experiment: Oobleck is a classic science experiment that's perfect for entertaining both kids and adults. That's why I love vinegar experiments. This document is READ ONLY, which means you may not save it to the same file name. For example, one classic experiment (found in most older science fair project books) involves changing the temperature of fish tank water and seeing what it does to the respiration rate (breathing) of goldfish. Huge List of Science Fair Projects,1000 Kids Projects Experiments,Crafts Art Ideas or Topics for Grade 2|3|4|5|6|7|8|9 Class Kids, science fair projects and ideas for Aerodynamics or Hydrodynamics Science Fair Project, Applied Mechanics science experiments, Behavioral Sciences google science fair , Biochemistry projects for kids, Chemistry science kids, Earth & Planetary Sciences, Electricity. 6 blueprints for more effective presentations. 1) Factor A factor of an experiment is a controlled independent variable; a variable whose levels are set by the experimenter. Our history has many examples of engineering projects that either succeeded or failed because of the type of engineering analysis used to evaluate the design. Examples of experiments that employ the modifications of the most common experimental methods used in modern scientific laboratories. This is also called the Experimental Design or Methodology. Below, you'll find some helpful links to water pollution and filtration science experiments for use in the classroom or at home. Research Plan Your Name. The results of new experiments sometimes require modifications in a supposedly well established law. 1) Science is a human endeavor. How to Use this Document. • Summarize the methods (procedure) used to conduct your experiment in paragraph form. Cars are great subjects for science experiments because they are built to move. Includes a list of questions to avoid and a self evaluation to help you determine if your question will make a good science fair project. The school science program involves a large percentage of these high-risk activities. This is one of the most commonly used substance for 6th grade science experiments. Science projects give students a chance to understand complex, scientific phenomena through simple experiments. Join our Science Experiments World now to meet up with other scientists and science lovers on the Web. A large sample size can yield reliable, but not necessarily valid, results. I love doing rainbow activities in the spring, so this was a great addition to our rainbow theme activities. Science Fair Ideas. CJ wanted to do the celery experiment as soon as she saw the experiment on the book and after a month time we did the experiment last week. Science Fair Websites 1. For this experiment you are measuring distance and time. The Department of Forensic Science discontinued accepting evidence for Questioned Documents Examinations on October 14, 2016. How to Stack Liquids in a Rainbow of Layers: A Fun Kid Science Project. Text in BLACK type stays in the document exactly as shown. We will learn about how plants absorb water using colored water and celery stalks. The experiments in 100 Simple Science Experiments with Paper are fun, easy , and safe to do, and can be performed using materials and equipment commonly found around the house. They will also be thrilled at the idea that their favorite gummy bears could teach them a lesson or two in science. Chapter Summary The Big Idea. We offer free science fair ideas suitable for every grade level, be it preschool, kindergarten, elementary school, middle school, or high school. Th is new book, however, discusses experiments not. The 4th step for a Science project is to write a procedure. We have a guide that walks you through the process along with countless tips and ideas to get you started. Procedure: Place the three cards together and punch a hole in the middle of each card at exactly the same spot using the pencil point or the hole punch. Share your own tips and tricks for anything science related, including chemistry experiments, science fair projects, and anatomy / dissection procedures. Sample Test Items by Strand‐ Grade 6 Science Science as Inquiry ‐ The Abilities Necessary to Do Scientific Inquiry GLE 1—Generate testable questions about objects, organisms, and events that can be answered through scientific investigation Julie has the following objects: a. The five-second rule has been tested in several scientific papers. Limitations of procedures in experiments I was wondering what exactly is meant by "limitations" here. We'll use the same kind of pot, soil, and plant. Laboratory experiments can also be referred to as true or randomised experiments and consist of three main factors; experimental manipulation, standardisation and random allocation of the sample (Howitt & Cramer, 2008). Once you have designed your experiment you need to formally present it in a protocol. It requires just a few items and is a fun way to teach children about how a plant absorbs water. Scientific Projects. We then labelled each flashlight with the battery brand name and put the different batteries in each marked flashlight. How to Write a Science Lab Report. • If you suffer any injury during an experiment, inform your teacher immediately. Features of procedural writing include: A title or a goal Provides an introduction explaining what the procedure will help you do Tells the reader how to do something, play something?. com has assembled a rich collection of high school science fair projects and high school science fair project ideas written by our team of professional scientists, science teachers, and educational consultants. The theory of moving continents, for example, has grown in credibility as it has shown relationships among such diverse phenomena as earthquakes, volcanoes, the match between types of fossils on different continents, the shapes of continents, and the contours of the ocean floors. Alphabetical index of gas preparations. Scientists are all human, with the typical faults and foibles that non-scientists have. Often it includes a sketch of how to set-up the experiment. Discuss importance for accuracy & details. For example, water is not suitable for fat substances, use acetone instead. Track the growth of the mold by checking the sample every day. Continue testing the density of the same type of plastic in the other three solutions. The only thing that will change is the kind of fertilizer. It should have step-by-step directions for conducting the experiment. For example, how far do they flow in 4 minutes. Place the center of one millimeter marking at the left edge of the field of view (see Figure 2) and measure the diameter of the field in millimeters. The Best of the Science Fair Project Guidebooks Page 3 It seems that nothing strikes fear in the hearts of students and parents like these three words: science fair project. Include extensive detail, thereby allowing others to replicate your experiment in the future. For example, in our experiment the independent variable is the type of fertilizer. Example Result: Cake Flour vs. It requires just a few items and is a fun way to teach children about how a plant absorbs water. I observed several things during the experiment. What is “Good Science”? Disclaimer: This is a gross generalization of what science is about; science is actually much more complex than how it is described here, but this will give you a basic background if you need it. Simple Random Sampling In simple random sampling, every individual in the target population has an equal chance of being part of the sample. For example, carrying out an exercise to measure the density of a piece of metal. For a sample step-by-step procedure and more project ideas, check out our bacteria science project guide. Life Science Ideas. General Science Lab Note Taking. A procedure should be easy to follow. Preparing a Great Science Fair Display Board. Science activities are diverse and are more difficult to supervise than the traditional classroom lecture setting. Lava Lamp Science Experiment! This is a safe and fun science experiment you can do at home! Learn more about hands-on science, and find other fun experiments at SFFE!. The results of new experiments sometimes require modifications in a supposedly well established law. Scientists are all human, with the typical faults and foibles that non-scientists have. Generally speaking, your science lab report should have a title, abstract, introduction, a list of materials used in your experiment, a description of methods used, your results, discussion with regard to your results, and a list of literature cited. One great example of creating a control in a relatively simple experiment is working with plants. Get great science fair projects, kids science projects & experiments, & science articles at Science Made Simple. Scientists use data to gain understanding and make conclusions. Try playing with some of the display ideas you see. Background on Investigative Activities. A magnet falls more slowly through a metallic tube than it does through a nonmetallic tube. Example: From this experiment I have learned that to grow lima beans I need to give my plant direct sunlight. Explore 1000s of Free Science Fair Projects, Kids Projects, Expo Ideas, Exhibition Topics, Craft Models, Science Experiments with Creative Ideas on for Aerodynamics or Hydrodynamics, Chemistry, Earth & Planetary Sciences, Electricity & Electronics, science activities, Environmental Engineering, Environmental Science, Mammalian Biology, Materials Science, Mathematics & Software, Microbiology. about your Science Fair Project topic. Simple science experiments you can do at home with your kids are a fun way to introduce children of all ages to basic scientific concepts. result of the experiment based on the information learned during background research. Kindergarten Science Projects and Experiments. Science Fair Ideas. Join our Science Experiments World now to meet up with other scientists and science lovers on the Web. You don’t need to be a science expert to support your child’s science inquiry and learning. Boil one quart of distilled water on a stove. A good procedure is so detailed and complete that it lets someone else duplicate your experiment exactly! Repeating a science experiment is an important step to verify that your results are consistent and not just an accident. By Steve Spangler Published January 20, 2014. Kids are born researchers. Now that you know your independent and dependent variable, the rest of the science fair project is a piece of cake. For example someone performing experiments on plant growth might report this hypothesis: "If I give a plant an unlimited amount of sunlight, then the plant will grow to its largest possible size. The sample is analyzed to determine porosity, permeability, fluid content, geologic age, and probable productivity of oil from the site. Chapter Summary The Big Idea. Basic materials can help you perform experiments that are simple, safe and perfect for kids. Items highlighted and in italics are examples. This is one of the most commonly used substance for 6th grade science experiments. That is , why are the results the way they are? Identify and discuss anomalous or unexpected results. For example someone performing experiments on plant growth might report this hypothesis: "If I give a plant an unlimited amount of sunlight, then the plant will grow to its largest possible size. Experiment Perform an experiment that will test your Hypothesis. Lava Lamp Science Experiment Experiment Summary Students will make a lava lamp that they can take home with them. Example: If the temperature of the water is hot, then the gummy bear will shrink. Below, you will find a list of fun and exciting experiments that use plastic bottles and bottle caps. : Gathered gum samples for project and worked out rough procedure overview for testing each piece. My kids love them – and so do I. The step number from the instructions could also be listed Clear statement of purpose Experiment number and title clearly stated Date at top outer corner. Much to the relief of the original team or researchers, no other scientist could ever replicate their find. Track the growth of the mold by checking the sample every day. You should include a regular timetable for measuring results or observing the projects (for example, every hour, every day, every week). While most science units require that you report in the passive voice, some require the active voice. Use the tape to secure it further. The opposite of the scientific method would be knowledge gained by testimonials. A standard format is used for these articles, in which the author presents the research in an orderly, logical manner. It's like telling someone how to find your house. (2) Find a public data set that perfectly illustrates the Zipf distribution - explain, based on your computations and analyzes, why your selected data set is a great example. Also make sure that all the seeds get the same amount of light and water after you plant them. The Best of the Science Fair Project Guidebooks Page 3 It seems that nothing strikes fear in the hearts of students and parents like these three words: science fair project. Science 9 Unit 2-Your Living Body Experiment 6-1—Testing for Carbohydrates Page 3 4. Using the passive voice also clarifies procedures and descriptions so they can be easily reproduced and compared. Here is a sample of how Mollie wrote her results. In order for your science experiment to be safe and successful, be sure to: Get your parent’s or teacher’s permission, and their help. No claim for completeness is made for this book. The purpose of an experiment is to answer a question by testing a hypothesis. This type of hypothesis is often written as an if-then statement because it's easy to identify the independent and dependent variables and see how one affects the other. Get motivated - do cool science projects based on what you enjoy. We have re-defined the standard 3Rs definitions so that they are more reflective of contemporary scientific practice and developments. Rather, Science Fair judges will want to see that the conclusions stated match the data that was collected. Measure the temperature of the boiling water. There are, for example, 76 Projects in Social and Human Services, including Access to Special Needs Housing, Analysis of Dog Training in Switzerland, Disadvantaged Youth Recreation, and Web Use in Small Churches.